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n-Octane (C8H18) is a colorless liquid that is insoluble in water. It is obtained by fractional distillation of petroleum. Octane is flammable and moderately toxic. It is used for the Octane Number calibration of antiknock properties of fuels. It is also used as a solvent and in organic synthesis.

Molecular weight: 114.224Critical temperature: 568.8 K
Melting point: 216.35 KCritical pressure: 2.486 MPa
Normal boiling point: 398.8 KCritical density: 232 kg/m3

Table 1. Octane: Properties of the saturated liquid and vapor

The values of thermophysical properties have been obtained from Beaton, C.F. and Hewitt, G.F (1989).

REFERENCES

Beaton, C. F. and Hewitt G. F. (1989) Physical Property Data for the Design Engineer, Hemisphere Publishing Corporation, New York.

References

  1. Beaton, C. F. and Hewitt G. F. (1989) Physical Property Data for the Design Engineer, Hemisphere Publishing Corporation, New York.
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