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Phenol (C6H5OH) is a white crystalline solid of distinctive odor. It used to be known as carbolic acid, as it was first isolated from coal tar. There are a number of processes for its production using cumene or benzene as a starting material. It is very toxic and contact with skin causes burns. Its main usage is in organic synthesis for the production of resins, pharmaceuticals, dyes and paints.

Molecular weight: 94.1 K Critical temperature: 693.2 K
Melting point: 313.90 K Critical pressure: 6.130 MPa
Normal boiling point: 454.95 KCritical density: 435.7 kg/m3

Table 1. . Phenol: Values of thermophysical properties of the saturated liquid and vapor

Note. The values of thermophysical properties have been obtained from reference. C. F. Beaton, G. F. Hewitt—Physical Property Data for the Design Engineer, Hemisphere Publishing Corporation. New York, 1989.

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